Using a thermal paste on the CPU Surface

A thermal paste is undoubtedly so important in any PC build, because of its significant role in cooling down the generated temperature from CPU. First, insert the CPU into its socket on your motherboard. This will create a thin, even layer that will fill any gaps but avoid excess build up. Metal-on-metal contact is the best and even without TIM there’s enough contact for the heatsink to work, it just won’t be at peak efficiency. Next, squeeze out a dot of thermal paste directly onto the center of your CPU. As heat is applied, the paste will become thinner and spread more towards the edges.

The right computer thermal paste

Yes, TIM is essential to optimum operation of the heatsink and as a result there’s no point in rushing this, but to all of you who think the CPU will melt without any TIM really need to read up on what it does and how it works – too much TIM, after all, acts as an insulator because it reduces metal-on-metal contact. Adding a computer, heat sink and CPU paste to your system can remarkably decrease the emission of heat out of the surface. Your dot should be about the size of a BB (as in, what BB guns shoot), or a little smaller than a pea. This is why using a small amount of paste is important, as a little goes a long way. I actually just checked and judging by the reviews of my Zalman CPU cooler, it does come with thermal paste. Next, take your cooler and press it straight down onto the CPU so that the thermal paste spreads evenly in all directions.

a heat sink needs a good thermal paste

Avoid removing the heat sink after installing it. If I just went ahead and used that now, could I simply scrape some of it off and put down my better paste once it gets here? If you feel comfortable doing it, you can use a very very slight rubbing motion as you press down on the cooler to help spread the paste better. It can be difficult to check if your paste has been applied correctly. I have an i7 2600 on Asus P8H67-M LE motherboard.

PC components that use thermal paste

Ideally, you’re now finished. If you break the seal that is created when you install the heat sink, you will need to restart the process, first cleaning off the old paste and then reapplying it. It’s a stock build, maybe 4-5 months old. You simply lock your cooler down (using whatever mechanism yours comes with) and then move on. Reconnect the fan to the motherboard.

My motherboard failed 10 days back, and I got a warranty replacement. However, if you’re afraid the thermal paste didn’t get spread properly, you can give it a quick look by lifting the cooler back up, twisting slightly to break the vacuum seal that may have formed. The CPU fan wire should be plugged in the CPU fan socket because it mostly has the PWM function which allows the computer to adjust the fan speed automatically without changing voltage. The computer processor generates heat once a task is assigned to it and it starts processing it. After getting my system back, on a whim, I ran Prime95 and checked temperatures. If you’ve got too much paste on the CPU, you can wipe up the excess from around the edges, and if you’ve got too little, you can add some more.

CPU thermal paste helps decrease the generated temperature

Heat sink usage

Boot the system. I’m glad I did, because the processor seems to be overheating! Of course, if you somehow totally screwed it up, you can always clean everything up and try again. Check that the fan is spinning. Idle is alright at 37-40 C, but when I run P95, temperatures rise sharply to 60+ and continue rising.
Note that we don’t recommend doing this more than once—every time you lift up the cooler, you risk adding more air bubbles into the thermal paste, which will lower you coolers efficiency. The heat sink can be well used once it’s chosen right for the corresponding CPU. Enter the BIOS by pressing F1 or Del key during POST. Within a minute or two, I’m seeing 90 across all four cores (Tj max is 98). I have a suspicion that this is because there is too much thermal paste. Don’t let yourself get too worried about that, though—unless you’re doing some real overclocking, it isn’t going to make or break your system. Check if the temperature is normal, CPU temperature should be below 40 degree Celsius when idle, same for GPU.
I assume the engineer who replaced the motherboard just dabbed on more thermal paste without removing the existing one. And that’s about it. Apply paste to the base of the cooler. So it runs okay without load, but under load, heat dissipation isn’t as quick as it should be. Good luck with your build!

Conclusion

Applying paste to a square cooler is a bit more challenging than a round one, because simply placing a dot and applying pressure will not result in full coverage. I don’t want to give it back to the service center, so I’d like to do this myself. There are varying approaches that people claim allegiances to, so we’ll cover a few of the more popular ones. There is normally a sufficient layer of thermal paste at the bottom of the CPU out of the box and you shouldn’t have to add more. The lines method – Place two thin lines of thermal compound on the base of the cooler.

Intel SSD 750 1.2TB Series PCIe Review

The Intel 750 is the first NVMe SSD released into the consumer market. It offers users some pretty killer performance at a price point that is roughly twice that of top performing SATA SSDs. We’ve historically been big on PCI Express SSDs here, because they get around the SATA bottleneck that holds many standard 2.5-inch SATA Solid State Drives down at around 550MB/sec max throughput. PCIe SSDs are able to utilize full PCIe X4 or X8 Gen 2 or Gen 3 bandwidth, hitting speeds well in excess of 1GB/sec in many cases. The Intel SSD 750 Series is the first set of consumer SSDs to use the new super-fast NVM (non-volatile memory) Express standard, bringing a new level of performance to everyday computer users. Still, though laying Flash memory down on a PCIe card has its advantages, many of the solutions currently on the market, save for some high-end, expensive offerings from the likes of Fusion-io, actually still utilize SATA controllers on their backend interface to the Flash memory, usually in a multi-controller RAID setup, that then has to be bridged to PCI Express on the other side.

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In Which Systems Is a 2.5-Inch Hard Drive (HDD) Used?

In the market there are only two types of storage devices that can be used for storing large files and backup them for the future. One of them is the traditional, old-fashioned, rotational hard disk drive (HDD) which is still the most commonly used storage subsystem in most of modern computers. And the second is the NAND flash-based, super-speed solid state drive (SSD). These two types are widely used all over the world, and both come in a 2.5-inch form factor which makes it suitable for laptops and PS4 and with a drive bay can fit also in a desktop.

In a personal computer, a hard disk drive (HDD) is the mechanism that controls the positioning, reading, and writing of the hard disk, which furnishes the largest amount of data storage for the PC. Although the hard disk drive (often shortened to “hard drive”) and the hard disk are not the same thing, they are packaged as a unit and so either term is sometimes used to refer to the whole unit.

Hard Disk Drives In Modern Systems

Ever since they hit the mainstream consumer market in the late 2000s, SSDs have proven to be one of the most popular upgrades and add-on options for new systems. If you’ve used one, it’s easy to see why. Consumers generally needn’t fret these days about what data-transfer technology their laptop or phone uses to save files like photos or apps. Even using the best laptop SSD may require extra cost on you more than what you expect. The theoretical limit of magnetic storage, called the superparamagnetic limit—about 1Tbit per square inch of storage density—is fast approaching. Increasing the density beyond that will lead to data corruption issues. Currently, Seagate’s drives store data at up to 625Gbits per square inch of storage areal density. That’s especially the case since computing devices have shifted gradually from desktops that can be upgraded with more memory and new hard drives to sealed-chassis devices like sleek laptops and tablets. In earlier days, consumers could get caught in “bus wars” that pitted one interconnect against another and ran the risk that people would buy a component that didn’t actually work in their computer. The gap between the speed of the CPU and the speed of traditional spinning media is so huge, systems that are far too old for gaming or high-end business tasks still benefit from faster storage. a 1TB capacity SSD is too large for many users currently but it’s going to be small and insufficient just a few years later. “With SMR technology, Seagate is on track to improve areal density by up to 25% or 1.25TB per disk, delivering hard drives with the lowest cost per gigabyte and reaching capacities of 5TB and beyond,” Mark Re, Seagate’s chief technology officer, said in a statement. SSDs have advanced at a fairly rapid clip over the last six years, including the recent debut of 3D NAND, which promises to significantly improve SSD density over the next 5-7 years. Unfortunately, these improvements have also hatched a cottage industry of rather radical claims regarding what’s possible in the longer term.

Solid State Drives (SSD) The Continuous Competitor

Interestingly, the roadmap shows that a technology called bit pattern media (with the magnetic media broken into small regions on the disk surface) will be introduced about 2021 combined with SMR or an extension to SMR called Two Dimensional Magnetic Recording (TDMR). The density problem came about when Seagate and other drive manufacturers pressed the limits of how close they could squeeze tracks together on a drive platter. For a mental picture of platter tracks, think of an LP vinyl record, except on a microscopic level. Going for the largest SSD in the market will not always resolve your problems.

First, while it’s true that SSD capacities should jump from the advent of 3D NAND stacking, hard drive capacities aren’t standing still. 20TB drives are expected by 2020, possibly assisted by HAMR (heat-assisted magnetic recording). Helium drives, pioneered by HGST, also have the ability to allow for further drive stacking, increasing capacities without a corresponding increase in areal density. The researchers found they could record information using only heat -previously unimaginable. York physicist Thomas Ostler said: ‘Instead of using a magnetic field to record information on a magnetic medium, we harnessed much stronger internal forces and recorded information using only heat.’ A 1TB SSD today can be had for as little as $349, but a 1TB HDD from NewEgg is $48 for a laptop drive — which means you can bet Dell, Lenovo, and HP don’t pay anything like that much for the same capacity.

The closer the tracks of a drive platter are squeezed together, the more data can fit in a disk drive. But, the closer together the tracks get squeezed, the greater risk of data corruption and read errors—that is, the read/write head of a hard disk drive cannot discern the difference between tracks. In between the tracks are buffer areas to help the read/write heads track accurately. This will rapidly be combined with HAMR, which will result in up to 10 Terra-bit per square inch (Tbpsi) areal densities by 2025. Note that today’s HDDs have an areal density as high as 0.86 Tbpsi. This implies that a 3.5-inch HDD built with that technology could have about 10 X the capacity of the 10 TB HDDs in 2025, or 100 TB.

What About PS4?

Ideally, 128GB (and in some situations 64GB) is enough for the operating system, programs and some games. You shouldn’t store media (like music, videos or pictures) on a Solid State Drive because the fuller the SSD gets, the slower it will run. See how a 2TB Hard Drive (HDD) for PS4 can last with you years without worrying about running out of space.

Hard drives today typically use perpendicular magnetic recording (PMR), a method of laying down data on a platter that creates tracks that are about 75 nanometers wide, which is smaller than a flu virus. Seagate introduced its first PMR drive in 2007. The drive, the Barracuda, held 250GB of data per platter. That grew to 1TB per platter by this year.

In early 2013, Sony announced that an event known as PlayStation Meeting 2013 would be held in New York City, U.S., on February 20, 2013, to cover the “future of PlayStation”. Sony officially announced the PlayStation 4 at the event. You won’t feel a significant change when starting your PC or launching programs, but file transfer speeds might slow down a little, which is why a SSD should be used only for the installation of operating system and applications. They revealed details about the console’s hardware and discussed some of the new features it will introduce. Sony also showed off real-time footage of games in development, as well as some technical demonstrations. ony then released more information about the console and unveiled the device itself in June 2013 at the Electronic Entertainment Expo.